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Aussie Rules AFL 2020 (Australia): Overview VideoWEEK 7 FRIDAY. Healthy Kicks! HEALTH \u0026 FITNESS PROGRAM. AFL. Australian rules football, a football sport distinctive to Australia that predates other modern football games as the first to create an official code of play. Invented in Melbourne, capital of the state of Victoria, in the late s, the game was initially known as Melbourne, or Victorian, rules football and was an amalgam of various football rules that were in use at English public (independent) schools. Get all of the Aussie Rules football livescores from the AFL of Australian Rules Football in Australia today! We have live scores & finished match results from every game of the Australian AFL tracked live in real-time to bring you the latest scores, stats & results as they happen. Our AFL Aussie Rules Livescores also track a huge range of football statistics from all of the games being played including individual round by round recaps for the first, second, third & fourth quarter. We have all of the Australian AFL football fixtures for today, this week & every season. We not only have all of the AFL regular season schedule along with all of theAFL play-offs making ScoresPro the #1 Aussie Rules football fixtures site for the Australian AFL. Follow AFL standings, overall, home/away and form (last 5 games) AFL standings. Australian rules football, officially known as Australian football, or simply called "Aussie rules", "football" or "footy", is a contact sport played between two teams of 18 players on an oval field, often a modified cricket ground.
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Concerned about off-season fitness, cricketer Thomas Wentworth Wills —80 , who was born in Australia but educated at Rugby School in England—where he captained the cricket team and excelled in football—believed that a football club should be formed to keep his teammates fit during winter.
The Melbourne and Geelong football clubs were established in and , respectively, and are two of the oldest football clubs in the world.
The rules agreed to by the committee on May 17, , were a compromise between those of several English public schools, notably Winchester, Harrow, and Rugby.
Players were allowed to handle the ball but not to run farther than necessary to kick it. In H. Harrison — , a cousin of Wills, rewrote the rules.
These rules imposed no limit on the number of players, though in the s, 20 men per team became standard.
Concerned about the possibility of injury on the hard Australian grounds, players were reluctant to commit to the tackling and hacking kicking or tripping an opponent rules of the Rugby School game, and hacking was banned.
Distinctive aspects of Australian football rapidly appeared. Players could also retain possession of the ball while running, but after some dispute it was agreed in that the player with the ball had to bounce it off the turf at least every 10 metres 33 feet.
Most crucial, and in contrast to other football sports, there was no offside rule, which meant that players from each team were located behind and in front of the ball during play.
Opposition players may bump or tackle the player to obtain the ball and, when tackled, the player must dispose of the ball cleanly or risk being penalised for holding the ball unless the umpire rules no prior opportunity for disposal.
The ball carrier may only be tackled between the shoulders and knees. If the opposition player forcefully contacts a player in the back while performing a tackle, the opposition player will be penalised for a push in the back.
If the opposition tackles the player with possession below the knees a low tackle or a trip or above the shoulders a high tackle , the team with possession of the football gets a free kick.
Alternatively, he may choose to "play on" forfeiting the set shot in the hope of pressing an advantage for his team rather than allowing the opposition to reposition while he prepares for the free kick.
Once a player has chosen to play on, normal play resumes and the player who took the mark is again able to be tackled. There are different styles of kicking depending on how the ball is held in the hand.
The most common style of kicking seen in today's game, principally because of its superior accuracy, is the drop punt , where the ball is dropped from the hands down, almost to the ground, to be kicked so that the ball rotates in a reverse end over end motion as it travels through the air.
Other commonly used kicks are the torpedo punt also known as the spiral, barrel, or screw punt , where the ball is held flatter at an angle across the body, which makes the ball spin around its long axis in the air, resulting in extra distance similar to the traditional motion of an American football punt , and the checkside punt or "banana", kicked across the ball with the outside of the foot used to curve the ball towards the right if kicked off the right foot towards targets that are on an angle.
There is also the "snap", which is almost the same as a checkside punt except that it is kicked off the inside of the foot and curves in the opposite direction.
It is also possible to kick the ball so that it bounces along the ground. This is known as a "grubber". Grubbers can bounce in a straight line, or curve to the left or right.
Apart from free kicks, marks or when the ball is in the possession of an umpire for a ball up or throw in , the ball is always in dispute and any player from either side can take possession of the ball.
A goal , worth 6 points, is scored when the football is propelled through the goal posts at any height including above the height of the posts by way of a kick from the attacking team.
It may fly through "on the full" without touching the ground or bounce through, but must not have been touched, on the way, by any player from either team or a goalpost.
A goal cannot be scored from the foot of an opposition defending player. A behind , worth 1 point, is scored when the ball passes between a goal post and a behind post at any height, or if the ball hits a goal post, or if any player sends the ball between the goal posts by touching it with any part of the body other than a foot.
A behind is also awarded to the attacking team if the ball touches any part of an opposition player, including a foot, before passing between the goal posts.
When an opposition player deliberately scores a behind for the attacking team generally as a last resort to ensure that a goal is not scored this is termed a rushed behind.
As of the AFL season , a free kick is awarded against any player who deliberately rushes a behind. The goal umpire signals a goal with two hands pointed forward at elbow height, or a behind with one hand.
Both goal umpires then wave flags above their heads to communicate this information to the scorers. The team that has scored the most points at the end of play wins the game.
If the scores are level on points at the end of play, then the game is a draw; extra time applies only during finals matches in some competitions.
As an example of a score report, consider a match between Essendon and Melbourne with the former as the home team. Essendon's score of 11 goals and 14 behinds equates to 80 points.
Melbourne's score of 10 goals and 7 behinds equates to a point tally. Essendon wins the match by a margin of 13 points. Such a result would be written as:.
The home team is typically listed first and the visiting side is listed second. The scoreline is written with respect to the home side. For example, Port Adelaide won in successive weeks, once as the home side and once as the visiting side.
These would be written out thus:. The football season proper is from March to August early autumn to late winter in Australia with finals being held in September and October.
Most of these hold annual semi-professional club competitions while the others oversee more than one league. Local semi-professional or amateur organisations and competitions are often affiliated to their state organisations.
The AFL is the de facto world governing body for Australian football. There are also a number of affiliated organisations governing amateur clubs and competitions around the world.
For almost all Australian football club competitions the aim is to win the Premiership. The premiership is always decided by a finals series.
The teams that occupy the highest positions on the ladder after the home-and-away season play off in a "semi-knockout" finals series, culminating in a single Grand Final match to determine the premiers.
Typically between four and eight teams contest the finals series. The team which finishes first on the ladder after the home-and-away season is referred to as a " minor premier ", but this usually holds little stand-alone significance, other than receiving a better draw in the finals.
Many suburban and amateur leagues have a sufficient number of teams to be played across several tiered divisions, with promotion of the lower division premiers and relegation of the upper division's last placed team at the end of each year.
At present, none of the top level national or state level leagues in Australia are large enough to warrant this structure. The high level of interest shown by women in Australian football is considered unique among the world's football codes.
In terms of participation, there are occasional 19th-century references to women playing the sport, but it was not until the s that the first organised women's teams and competitions appeared.
Many related games have emerged from Australian football, mainly with variations of contact to encourage greater participation.
These include Auskick played by children aged between 5 and 12 , kick-to-kick and its variants end-to-end footy and marks up , rec footy , 9-a-side footy , masters Australian football , handball and longest-kick competitions.
Players outside of Australia sometimes engage in related games adapted to available fields, like metro footy played on gridiron fields and Samoa rules played on rugby fields.
One such prominent example in use since is AFLX , a shortened variation of the game with seven players a side, played on a soccer -sized pitch.
The similarities between Australian football and the Irish sport of Gaelic football have allowed for the creation of a hybrid code known as international rules football.
The first international rules matches were contested in Ireland during the Australian Football World Tour. Since then, various sets of compromise rules have been trialed, and in the International Rules Series commenced with national representative sides selected by Australia's state leagues later by the AFL and the Gaelic Athletic Association GAA.
The competition became an annual event in , but was postponed indefinitely in when the GAA pulled out due to Australia's severe and aggressive style of play.
Australian rules football was played outside Australasia as early as when Australians studying at Edinburgh University and London University formed teams and competed in London.
Twenty countries participated in the Euro Cup and 23 countries have participated in the International Cup with both competitions prohibiting Australian players.
Over 20 countries have either affiliation or working agreements with the AFL. Many of the overseas-born AFL players have been Irish, as interest in recruiting talented Gaelic football players dates back to the start of the Irish experiment in the s.
The AFL also selects a team to represent Australia against an Irish team chosen by the Gaelic Athletic Association in the International Rules Series , utilising rules from both codes with the two countries taking turns hosting the series.
The series has its roots in , when Harry Beitzel organized an Australian team to travel to Ireland and play Mayo and All-Ireland senior champions Meath.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the game spread with the Australian diaspora to areas such as New Zealand and South Africa; however this growth went into rapid decline following World War I.
Most of the current amateur clubs and leagues in existence have developed since the s, when leagues began to be established in North America , Europe and Asia.
The sport developed a cult following in the United States when matches were broadcast on the fledgling ESPN network in the s.
This expansion has been further aided by multiculturalism and assisted by exhibition matches as well as exposure generated through players who have converted to and from other football codes.
In , participation across AFL Europe's 21 member nations was more than 5, players, the majority of which are European nationals rather than Australian expats.
The Australian Football International Cup , held triennially in Melbourne since , is the highest level of international competition. Although Australian rules football has not yet been a full sport at the Olympic Games or Commonwealth Games, when Melbourne hosted the Summer Olympics , which included the MCG being the main stadium, Australian rules football was chosen as the native sport to be demonstrated as per International Olympic Committee rules.
Australian football is a sport rich in tradition and Australian cultural references, especially surrounding the rituals of gameday for players, officials and supporters.
Australian football has attracted more overall interest among Australians as measured by the Sweeney Sports report than any other football code, and, when compared with all sports throughout the nation, has consistently ranked first in the winter reports, and most recently third behind cricket and swimming in summer.
In , , registered participants played Australian football in Australia. Australian football has been an inspiration for writers and poets including Manning Clarke , Bruce Dawe and Philip Hodgins.
Mike Brady 's hit " Up There Cazaly " is considered an Australian football anthem, and references to the sport can be found in works by popular musicians, from singer-songwriter Paul Kelly to the alternative rock band TISM.
In that year identities were inducted, including players, 10 coaches, 10 umpires, 10 administrators and six media representatives.
The Legend status is the highest honour which can be bestowed on an Australian footballer. In den Tropen wird während der Regenzeit von Oktober bis März gespielt.
Vorsaisonale Wettbewerbe in Südaustralien beginnen üblicherweise Ende Februar. Die meisten haben eine jährliche, semiprofessionelle Vereinsmeisterschaft, während andere mehr als eine Meisterschaft ausrichten.
Lokale, semiprofessionelle oder Amateur- Organisationen und Wettbewerbe sind meistens ihren Länderorganisationen angegliedert.
Des Weiteren gibt es einige Verbände, die Amateurligen rund um die Welt betreuen. So wird vom kleinen Gewinner gesprochen, wenn der erste der Tabelle gemeint ist.
Der Titel selbst hat jedoch keine oder nur geringe Bedeutung. Die Meisterschaft wird immer in einer Finalserie entschieden. Teams auf den vorderen Tabellenplätzen spielen in einem doppelten K.
Die beiden erfolgreichsten Teams treffen im Finale Grand Final aufeinander, indem die Meisterschaft entschieden wird.
Der Gewinner erhält den Meisterpokal. Das Spiel wird nur in Australien professionell gespielt und ist dort die populärste Zuschauersportart.
Die Liga ist weltweit eine der Sportligen mit dem höchsten Zuschauerschnitt. Sie weist als eine von nur vier Sportligen einen Zuschauerdurchschnitt von mehr als Aus der AFL gibt es keinen Abstieg.
Finanzschwächere Vereine werden gelegentlich in kommerziell ergiebigere Pfründen delegiert. Bis nahmen lediglich Vereine aus Victoria am Wettbewerb teil.
Zehn der 18 Vereine kommen immer noch aus Victoria, neun davon aus Melbourne und den Vororten dieser Stadt.
Essendon wurde der erste Meister, oder Premier von Victoria. Rekord-Premiers sind Carlton und Essendon mit jeweils 16 Titeln. Die Vereine sind hier in der Regel mit ihren hochpropagierten Spitznamen angegeben.
Ligen existieren bereits in manchen europäischen Ländern, Nordamerika, Südafrika, Asien und Ozeanien. Irland hat im Endspiel gegen Papua-Neuguinea gewonnen.
Sie nahmen am Spielbetrieb der italienischen Liga teil. Many Aussie Rules pitches mix with cricket fields as they or of a similar size and proportion.
The pitches are marked around the outside to highlight the out of bounds area. At either end of the pitch 4 tall posts will be apparent.
These are the scoring zones and are roughly 6 metres in height. The two front posts are 6. The two post behind are also 6.